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l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn

l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn

l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn

 

sMn 1931 ivc rozwnw A^bwr ‘AkwlI’ dy iek prcy ivc mYN ies sMbMDI iek mzmUn ilK ky ByijAw, qW iek A`j-k`l dy pVHy-ilKy au~Gy ivdvwn im`qr ny mYƒ ic`TI ilKI ik l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn ‘mh`lw’ krnw cwhIdw hY, ikauNik gurU gRMQ swihb ‘scu KMf’ hY ijs ivc ‘mh`ly’ ‘Gr’ ‘pauVIAW’ hoxy kudrqI g`l hY[
so, l&z ‘mhlw’ dw jo ‘mh`lw’ au~cwrn c`l ipAw hY, ies dw Asl kwrn ieh jwpdw hY ik isr-lyK dy l&z ‘mhlw’ nwl hI Awm qOr qy l&z ‘Gru’ BI iliKAw imldw hY; qy, GrW, mh`ilAW dy sMbMD ƒ hr koeI jwxdw hI hY [ qW qy sB qoN pihlW ieh smJx dI loV hY ik l&z ‘Gr’ dy vrqx qoN kIh Bwv hY[
(1) isrI rwg dI Bgq-bwxI dy SurU ivc iek isr-lyK ieauN iliKAw imldw hY-isrI rwgu ]
kbIr jIE kw ] eyku suAwnu kY Gir gwvxw ]
ieQy A^IrlI quk, ‘eyku suAwnu kY Gir gwvxw’ ƒ iDAwn nwl pVHn qy smJx dI loV hY [ l&z ‘kY Gir’ dw ArQ hY ‘dy Gr ivc ‘[ l&z ‘kY’ ivAwkrn Anuswr ‘sMbMDk’ hY[ ies qoN-pihlW koeI AYsw ‘nWv’ cwhIdw hY ijs dy nwl ies sMbMDk ‘kY’ dw ‘sMbMD’ hY[ ies qoN pihlW l&z ‘suAwnu’ hY[ pr jy l&z ‘suAwnu’ nwl l&z ‘kY’ dw sMbMD huMdw qW ies dy A^Ir qy ( u ) nhIN ho skdw sI, ijvyN:-
      ‘dIvw myrw eyku nwmu, duKu, ivic pwieAw qylu’-ies quk dy l&z ‘ivic’ dw sMbMD l&z ‘duKu’ nwl nhIN ho skdw;
      ‘dwsu kbIru qyrI pnh smwnw [ iBsqu njIik rwKu-rhmwnw’
-iesy sMbMDk ‘njIik’ dw sMbMD l&z ‘iBsqu’ nwl nhIN ho skdw ikauNik l&z ‘iBsqu’ dy A^Ir ivc ( u) kwiem hY[
so ‘eyku suAwnu kY Gir gwvxw’ ivc l&z ‘kY’ nwl sMbMD r`Kx vwly ‘nWv’ dI iksy hor QW Bwl krnI pvygI [ iesy hI rwg ivc gurU nwnk swihb dw Sbd nμbr 29 (pMnw nμ: 24 auqy) ieauN drj hY
      isrI rwgu mhlw 1 Gr 4] eyku suAwnu duie suAwnI nwl …
aus isr-lyK qy ies Sbd dI pihlI quk ƒ Awhmo swhmxy r~K ky piVHAW AsI shjy hI isr-lyK dy ieh ArQ kr skdy hW-kbIr jI dy Sbd nUμ aus Sbd dy ‘Gr’ ivc gwvxw hY ijs dI pihlI quk hY ‘eyku suAwnu duie suAwnI nwil’ [ ies Sbd dw ‘Gru 4’ hY, so kbIr jI dw Sbd BI ‘Gr 4’ ivc hI gwvxw hY [
kbIr jI dy Sbd dy isr-lyK dy QW ‘eyku suAwnu kY Gir gwvxw’ ikauN iliKAw hY-ieh
GuMfI smJx vwsqy myrI pusqk ‘gurmiq pRkwS’ pVHo, pMnw 35[
au~pr-ilKy pRmwx qoN AsW ieh smJ ilAw hY ik l&z ‘Gr’ dw sMbMD ‘gwaux’ nwl hY; l&z ‘mhlw’ nwl nhIN[
iesy qrW:-
isrI rwg ivc Bgq byxI jI dy Sbd dy SurU ivc BI isr-lyK vjoN ieauN iliKAw hY:-
      isrI rwgu bwxI Bgq byxI jIau kI ] phirAw kY Gir gwvxw ]
iks ‘Gr’ ivc gwvxw hY? aus Sbd dy ‘Gr’ ivc ijs dw isrlyK ‘phry’ hY; qy auh isr-lyK ieauN hY-isrI rwg phry mhlw 1 Gr 1
ieh dovyN pRmwx ieh g`l swbq krn vwsqy kw&I hn ik l&z ‘Gr’ dw sMbMD isr& ‘gwaux’ nwl hY, l&z ‘mhlw’ dy nwl ies dw koeI BI sMbMD nhIN pYNdw [
pwTkW dI idlcspI Aqy hor vDIk qs`lI vwsqy ieh g`l d`sxI BI suAwdlI hovygI ik l&z ‘Gr’ isrP ‘mhlw’ dy nwl hI nhIN AwauNdw, BgqW dy SbdW dy isr-lyKW ivc BI imldw hY; ijvyN:
BYrau kbIr jIau Gru 1
BYrau kbIr jIau AstpdI Gru 2
BYrau nwmdyau jI Gru 1
BYrau nwmdyau jI Gru 2
qy, ieh, iksy BI ‘mh`ly’ dI vMf ivc nhIN AwauNdy [ jy gurU gRMQ swihb ‘s`c KMf’ hY , Aqy mh`ilAW GrW ivc vMifAw hoieAw hY, qW BgqW dy Gr iks mh`ly ivc igxIey? so ieh l&z ‘mhlw’ ‘mh`lw’ nhIN hY [ isrI rwg ivc gurU nwnk swihb dy Sbd nμ: 6 Aqy 12 dw isr-lyK ieauN hY-‘isrI rwgu mhlu 1’ (l&z ‘mhlu’ dy A^Ir ivc ( u ) hY) [
jy l&z ‘mhlw’ nUμ ‘mh`lw’ pVHnw huMdw qW l&z ‘mhlu’ nUμ ‘mh`l’ pVHnw TIk huMdw; pr, ies qrHW ‘mh`lw’ qy ‘mh`l’ do v`K v`K cIzW bx jWdIAW hn [ mh`l-iek v`fw mkwn, mh`lw-auh QW ijQy keI mkwn iek`Ty bxy hoey hn [ so ‘mhlw’ dw aucwrn ‘mh`lw’ nhIN hY, Aqy ies dw koeI vI sMbMD l&z ‘Gr’ nwl nhIN hY [
      qW iPr, ies l&z nUμ ikvyN au~cwrnw hY?
l&z ‘mhlw’ isr& isr-lyK ivc hI nhIN hY, bwxI ivc BI keI vwrI AwauNdw hY;
ijvyN:-
(1) PrIdw ‘mhl’ insKx rih gey vwsw AwieAw qil[
(2) ‘mhlw’ AMdir hodIAw, huix bhix n imlin hdUir[
(3) khw su Gr dr mMfp ‘mhlw’ khw su bMk srweI[
(4) ‘mhl’ kucjI mVvVI kwlI mnhu kusuD[
(5) ‘mhlw’ mMiJ invwsu sbid svwrIAw[
(6) mhlI ‘mihl’ bulweIAY, so ipru rwvY rMig[
(7) mhrmu ‘mhl’ nw ko AtkwvY[
iehnIN sBnIN QweIN l&z ‘mhl’ jW ‘mhlw’ nUμ ausy qrHW pVHdy hW, ijvyN hyT-ilKI quk ivc l&z ‘ghlw’ ƒ:-
‘ghlw rUhu nw jwxeI, isru BI imtI Kwie’
A`Kr ‘h’ Aqy ‘l’ dy au~pr ( `) A`Dk vrqx dI loV nhIN pYNdI[ qy, iesy qrHW hI isr-lyK dy l&z ‘mhlw’ ƒ pVHnw hY [
l&j ‘mhlw’ dy nwl vrqy AMk 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 dw au~cwrn -
ies AMk ƒ iek, do, iqMn, cwr, pMj Aqy nO pVHnw glq hY[ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc hyT ilKy QweIN ieSwry vjoN ihdwieq imldI hY:-
(1) rwgu isrI rwgu mhlw pihlw (pMnw 14) AMk 1 ƒ pVHnw hY, ‘pihlw’[
(2) gauVI guAwryrI mhlw 4 caQw (pMnw 163) AMk 4 ƒ ‘cauQw’ pVHnw hY[
(3) vfhMs mhlw 3 qIjw (pMnw 582)
(4) soriT mhlw 4 cauQw (pMnw 605)
(5) soriT mhlw 1 duqukI pihlw (pMnw 636)
(6) DnwsrI mhlw 3 qIjw (pMnw 664)
(7) bsMq mhlw 3 qIjw (pMnw 1169)
b`s! ies ieSwry-mwqr ihdwieq ƒ AsW hr QW vrq ky iehnW AMkW ƒ pihlw, dUjw, qIjw, cauQw, pMjvW Aqy nwvW pVHnw hY[
not:- ieh AMk isr& l&z ‘mhlw’ nwl hI nhIN imldy, l&z ‘Gru’ dy nwl BI imldy jn, auhnW ƒ BI iesy ihdwieq Anuswr hI pVHnw hY[ iek s`jx mYƒ Aw ky kihx lgy ik jy l&z ‘mhlw’ dy AMkW vWg l&z ‘Gr’ dy AMkW dw au~cwrx kIqw igAw qW ‘gurU’ nwl ‘qu`lqw’ ho ky gurU dI inrwdrI hovygI[ gurU dI inrwdrI ies ivc ikvyN ho jWdI hY-ieh Byq qW ieqrwz krn vwly aus s`jx ƒ hI pqw hovygw, pr Awdr smJo cwhy inrwdrI, siqgurU jI Awp hI ieh jwc isKw gey hn; vyKo:-
(pMnw 23) isrI rwg mhlw 1 Gru 2 ‘dUjw’ (AMk ‘2’ ƒ ‘dUjw’ pVHnw hY)
(pMnw 524) gUjrI BgqW kI bwxI] sRI kbIr jIau kw caupdw Gru 2 dUjw
(pMnw 661) DnwsrI mhlw 1 Gru dUjw [
qy, g`l BI is`DI sw& hY [ hr QW l&z ‘Gru’ iek-vcn hY, hr QW ies dy AMq ivc ( u) h Y[ ies vwsqy ies dy AMk 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Awidk ƒ pihlw, dUjw, qIjw, cauQw, pMjvW Awidk hI pVHnw peygw[ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc sqwrHvyN ‘Gr’ qk izkr AwauNdw hY[ ijnHW dy h`Q ivc gurduAwirAW dI vwg-for hY, auhnW dw &rz hY ik is`K rwgIAW ivcoN rwg dIAW iehnW fUMGweIAW ƒ guAwcx nw dyx[
l&z ‘mhlw’ dw ArQ -
isr- lyKW ivc l&z ‘mhlw’ AnykW vwrI vriqAw hoieAw hY [ ieh l&z inrwrQk nhIN ho skdw, ies dw zrUr koeI FukvW PbvW ArQ BI hoxw cwhIdw hY [ jo s`jx ies ƒ ‘mh`lw’ pVH rhy hn, auh hux qk ies dw koeI Fu`kvW ArQ nhIN d`s skdy, qy, ieh AsI vyK cuky hW ik l&z ‘Gr’ nwl ies dw koeI joV nhIN bxdw [
keI purwxy sMpRdweI ivdvwn s`jx ies ƒ sMsik®q dw l&z ‘mihlw’ smJdy hn, ijs dw ArQ ‘iesqRI’ hY [ auh s`jx Awpxy ies i^Awl dI puStI ivc ieh dlIl dyNdy hn ik siqgurU jI ny Awpxy Awp ƒ pRBU-pqI dI ‘iesqRI’ imQ ky bwxI ilKI hY, ies vwsqy isrlyK ivc Awpxy Awp ƒ ‘mihlw’ (iesqRI) AwiKAw hY [ pr ieh ArQ ivAkrn dI ksv`tI auqy pUrw nhIN auqrdw [ AsI ipCy vyK Awey hW ik ies l&z ‘mhlw’ dy nwl dw AMk shI qrIky nwl aucwrn dI jwc isKwx leI siqgurU jI ny Awp hI s`q QWvw ’qy ihdwieq kr id`qI hY, AMk 1 vwsqy ‘pihlw’, AMk 3 vwsqy ‘qIjw’ Aqy AMk 4 vwsqy l&z ‘cauQw’ vriqAw hY [ pr l&z ‘pihlw, qIjw, cauQw puilMg hn, Aqy l&z ‘mihlw’ (=iesqRI) iesqRI-ilMg hY, jy isr-lyK vwlw l&z ‘mhlw’ iesqRI-vwck huMdw qW AMk 1, 3, 4 vwsqy l&z pihlI, qIjI, cauQI vrqdy [ iesy qrHW ‘Awsw dI vwr’ dy isr-lyK ‘slok BI mhly pihly ky ilKy’, dy QW ‘slok BI mihlw pihlI ky ilKy’ huMdw [ B`tW dy sveIAW ivc AsI hyT-ilKy isr-lyK pVHdy hW:-
sveIey mhly pihly ky 1
sveIey mhly dUjy ky 2
sveIey mhly qIjy ky 3
sveIey mhly cauQy ky 4
sveIey mhly pMjvyN ky 5
jy l&z ‘mhlw’ sMsik®q dw l&z ‘mihlw’ huMdw, qW iehnW isr-lyKW dy QW BI AsI hyT-ilKy isrlyK vyKdy:-
sveIey mihlw pihlI ky 1
sveIey mihlw dUjI ky 2
sveIey mihlw qIjI ky 3
sveIey mihlw cauQI ky 4
sveIey mihlw pMjvIN ky 5
not:- ‘gMfw’ ‘JMfw’ Awidk l&z puilMg hn [ iehnW nwl koeI ‘sMbMDk’ Awvy qW A^Irly ( w ) dI QW ( y) bx jWdI hY; ijvyN gMfy dI ikqwb, JMfy dI dukwn [ l&z ‘kmlw, ibmlw’ iesqrI-ilMg hn; sMbMDk dy nwl iehnW dI Skl ivc koeI &rk nhIN pYNdw; ijvyN, kmlw dI klm, ibmlw dw kuVqw [ iesy qrHW jy l&z ‘mhlw’ iesqRI-vwck hMdw qW, ‘mhlw’ qoN ‘mhly’ nwh bxdw; slok BI ‘mhly pihly ky’ nwh huMdw [ so, ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN irhw ik isr-lyK vwlw l&z ‘mhlw’ sMsik®q dw l&z ‘mihlw’ nhIN hY Aqy ies dw ArQ BI ‘iesqRI’ nhIN [
ArQ Anuswr cwr ih`sy
gurbwxI ivc vrqy l&z ‘mhl’ Aqy ‘mhlw’ dy ArQ Anuswr pRmwxW dI vMf cwr ih`isAW ivc kIqI jw skdI hY:-
(2) ‘mhlw’— iesqRI
‘mhl’ kucjI mVvVI kwlI mnhu kusuD [ 1 [ 5 ]
Slok m: 1, mwrU kI vwr m: 3 (pMnw 1088)
(2) ‘mhlu’-Gr, itkwxw, auh Awqmk AvsQw ij`Qy prmwqmw swiKAwq ho jWdw hY:-
Kojq Kojq duAwry AwieAw ] qW nwnk jogI ‘mhlu’ Gru pwieAw ]4]12] rwmklI m: p (pMnw 886)
Koil ikvwrw ‘mhil’ bulwieAw ] rwmklI m: 5
(mhil-mhl ivc)
gurpRswid ko ieh ‘mhlu’ pwvY ] rwmklI m: 5 (pMnw 889)
duibDw rwqy ‘mhlu’ n pwvih ] 7 ] 4 ] rwmklI m: 1 (pMnw 904)
AMqir bwhir eyku pCwxY ieau Gru ‘mhlu’ is\wpY ] m: 1 ‘EAMkwr’ (pMnw 930)
(3) ‘mhl’ , ‘mhlw’— v`fIAW v`fIAW iemwrqW, p`ky Gr [
dwqw dwnu krY qh nwhI, ‘mhl’ auswir n bYTw ] 2 ] 1 ] rwmklI m: 1, (pMnw
902)
gV mMdr ‘mhlw’ khw, ijau bwjI dIbwxu ]42] EAMkwru (pMnw 936)
Awpy kudriq swjIAnu kir ‘mhl’ srweI ]1] rwmklI kI vwr m: 3 (pMnw 947)
(4) ‘mhlw’-kwieAW, srIr [
sbdy pqIjY AMku BIjY, su mhlu ‘mhlw’ AMqry ] 8 ] 5 ] sUhI CMq m: 1 (pMnw 767)
mhlw AMqry-sB srIrW ivc [
‘mhlw’ AMdir gYr mhlu pwey, Bwxw buiJ smwhw hy ] 14 ] 5 ] 14 ] mwrU m: 3
solhy (pMnw 1058)
mhlw AMdir-srIrW ivc [
gauVI m: 5 ] Ehu AibnwsI rwieAw ] 1 ] inrBau sMig qumwrY bsqy, ieh frnu khW qy AwieAw ]2]
eyk ‘mhil’ qUM hoih APwro, eyk ‘mhil’ inmwno ] eyk ‘mhil’ qUM Awpy Awpy, eyk ‘mhil’ grIbwno ] 1 ] eyk ‘mhil’ qUM pMifqu bkqw, eyk ‘mhil’ Klu hoqw ] eyk ‘mhil’ qUM sBu ikCu gRwhju, eyk ‘mhil’ kCU n lyqw ]2]5]126] (pMnw 206)
mhlu-srIr [ mhil-srIr ivc [
siqgurU jI dI ilKI hoeI bwxI ivc nwm kyvl ‘nwnk’ hI AwauNdw hY[ ieh inrnw krn leI ik ikhVI bwxI iks gur-ivAkqI dI hY, l&z ‘mhlw’ vriqAw igAw hY[ AMk nμ: 4 ivc id`qy gey pRmwxW Anuswr ies l&z ‘mhlw’ dw ArQ hY ‘srIr’[
‘mhlw pihlw’ dw ArQ hY-gurU nwnk pihlw srIr
‘mhlw dUjw’ dw ArQ hY- gurU nwnk dUjw srIr (gurU AMgd jI)
‘mhlw qIjw’ dw ArQ hY-gurU nwnk qIjw srIr (gurU Amrdws jI)
s`qy blvMf dI vwr ivc blvMf ilKdw hY
lhxy dI PyrweIAY, nwnkw dohI KtIAY ] joiq Ehw jugiq swie, sih ‘kwieAw’ Pyir pltIAY ] 2] (pMnw 966)
BweI gurdws jI BI ilKdy hn-
Arjun ‘kwieAw’ plit kY, mUriq hir goibMd svwrI ]
au~cwrn
sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI ivc l&z ‘rhq’, ‘bhry’, ‘bhly’, shjy’; ‘ghlw’, ‘thl’, ‘mhryr’ Aqy ieho ijhy hor BI keI l&z AwauNdy hn, ijMnHW ivc A`Kr ‘h’ AwauNdw hY[ ijvyN iehnW l&zW dw au~cwrn kIqw jWdw hY, iqvyN l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn krnw hY[
isr-lyK ivc ikqy ikqy l&z ‘mhlw’ dy QW l&z ‘mhlu’ BI AauNdw hY (vyKo pMnw 16 Sbd nμ: 6, Aqy pMnw 18 Sbd nμ: 12) jy l&z ‘mhlw’ dw au~cwrn ‘mh`lw’ huMdw, qW l&z ‘mhlu’ ƒ BI ‘mh`l’ au~cwrn pYNdw[ pr l&z ‘mh`lw’ Aqy ‘mh`l’ dw v`K v`K ArQ hY[ so, ieh au~cwrn TIk nhIN hY[

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